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Pininfarina Cambiano : Concept Cars
Pininfarina Cambiano : Concept Cars

At the upcoming Geneva Show, Pininfarina will unveil the Cambiano, a study of a dynamic, hybrid sedan with four 60 kW in-wheel motors and a diesel-powered turbine.

Taking its name from the city where the studio’s headquarters are located, the Cambiano will celebrate the 30th anniversary of the Centro Stile as well as the 10th anniversary of the Engineering Center.

The main performances of the car are a 0-100 km/h acceleration in 4.2 seconds and a top speed of 275 km/h, with a range of 500 miles (800 km) and CO2 emissions of just 45 g/km.

Below we report a first review of the design, waiting to see it from life in Geneva. Check Quattroruote’s article for more images.

The Design
Penned by Fabio Filippini, the Cambiano Concept was developed on an all-new platform, taking inspiration from the 1957 Lancia Florida II, which for many years was personally used by Battista “Pinin” Farina, the company’s founder.

The exterior is characterized by very generous dimensions, with a length of five meters and a width of 2 meters.

The proportions are balanced through the adoption of very large wheels, a long wheelbase and a long hood.

The door opening layout features a single door on the driver’s side and a front door plus a rear-hinged door on the passenger’s side, without the B-pillar.

The stance of the car is at the same time aggressive and slender, thanks to the sharp, muscular front fenders and a more streamlined and “light” rear section, which is enhanced by the clean design of the rear door, where there is no visible handle and no third window.

The original yet clean surface treatment is combined with a number of graphic elements that give the Cambiano a distinctive character.

Among these are the long, straight stripe that runs along the side doors, the triangular wings ahead and behind the front wheels and the dark surface of the passenger cell, including the panoramic roof with triangular structural mesh and the darkened pillars, which further lighten the car’s silhouette.

The arched roofline is however underlined by the thin metal surrounding trim that originates from the minimal side cameras and ends in correspondence of the trunk lid.

The front end features an uninterrupted horizontal fascia with LED headlights and a pattern made of concentric elements that reminds the one seen on the Volvo Concept Universe.

Additionally, from the side the shark-profile and the bold shoulders bear some similarities with the modern Camaro and Mustang muscle cars.

The rear end features a fascia made of a horizontal, concave surface split by a chromed bar which hides the LED units.

The cabin uses articulated yet clean lines, combining white and light grey surfaces of the seats and door upper panels with a dark brown cockpit and wooden floor.

Here the eco-friendly character of the car is underlined by the use of recycled and reused materials, including the so called “briccole”, the traditional Venetian mooring posts made in chestnut oak.

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Sources : Pininfarina Cambiano Concept Photo | Pininfarina Cambiano Concept Article | Pininfarina Cambiano Concept Rear Photo
007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car : Classic Cars
007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car : Classic Cars

The 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car from The Spy Who Loved Me (1977) commonly tops the polls when multiple generations of movie fans are asked to pick their favourite film cars of all time. Like all the best Bond cars, the Lotus was a veritable war chest of weaponry and gadgetry that was designed to fox and foil the enemy whilst also helping Bond to another hard-won victory for Queen and country.

Giorgetto Giugiaro’s Italdesign unveiled a concept car at the Turin Motor Show in 1972 that was based upon a stretched Lotus Europa chassis. It was amongst the first of designer Giugiaro’s polygonal “folded paper", or wedge-shaped, conceptions, and it caused a sensation in the automotive press. Lotus ultimately developed its Lotus Esprit using this design, and remarkably, little changed from the show car. The Esprit was launched in October 1975 at the Paris Auto Show, and it went into production in June 1976, replacing the Europa in the Lotus model line-up. With its lightweight chassis, mid-engine configuration, and fibreglass body shell, it furthered the reputation for class-beating handling long enjoyed by Lotus. At the time of its introduction, it was indisputably Britain’s most advanced sports car.

The Lotus not only impressed the automotive world, but it also impressed film producer Albert R. “Cubby” Broccoli, who one day found a pre-production model parked directly in front of his office at Pinewood Studios outside London. The car had been conspicuously positioned there, without identifying badges, by Lotus PR Manager Don McLauchlan. McLauchlan had learned that preparations had begun for a fresh 007 adventure, and he wanted to make their extraordinary new car available for the picture. Experience with the vehicles from other films, particularly Aston Martins in prior Bond movies, had proven that the publicity and sales impact could be enormous. So a deal was struck, and Lotus delivered two production vehicles; each of these were equipped with an additional piece of sheet metal beneath the radiator to protect the cars from the rough streets of the Costa Smeralda, in Sardinia, where the surface sequences of the famous chase was to be filmed. Additionally, seven more body shells were supplied, with one of which being sealed all around for underwater scenes and converted into a submarine.

No Bond car has ever done anything as outrageous on screen as transform itself into a submarine; none except for this Lotus in the epic The Spy Who Loved Me. Breaking with tradition, Q is never given the opportunity to explain the car’s features to 007. So, when the Lotus is fired (literally! – see sidebar) off a jetty into the sea, the audience was stunned, and captivated.

The specially prepared body shell was shipped to Perry Oceanographics, a marine engineering and construction firm based in Riviera Beach, Florida. Perry was known for their ingenuity in building all manner of submersible vehicles (including the Reef Ranger, also seen in the underwater battle), and they are world-renowned for their unique capabilities.

With guidance from Special Visual Effects Supervisor Derek Meddings, Perry re-envisioned the Lotus as a “wet” submarine (connoting that it is full of water as it travels beneath the surface). It moves forward via a bank of four propellers, with their electric motors being driven by batteries housed in a water-tight compartment. The articulated fins are adjusted with mechanical levers that are operated by its driver. Underwater, the Lotus has a turning circle of around 20 feet. Its dive and climb performance is regulated by ballast tanks, and it has been described as “crisply argonautic”. Contrary to what movie magic suggests, there is no semblance of a road car interior in this Lotus; instead, inside one will find its underwater motors, batteries, levers, and other control apparatus, with only a platform seat for its driver. It was said to have cost over $100,000 to construct (nearly half a million dollars today).

Its driver was Don Griffin, a retired U.S. Navy SEAL who was employed as a technician and test pilot for Perry. As such, he was the obvious candidate to operate the Lotus on location, with the underwater sequences being filmed nearby in the Bahamas.

And Don Griffin was indeed the driver (in full scuba gear with auxiliary oxygen), and in so doing, he assumed one of the greatest anonymous roles in movie history. As the one and only fully functioning Submarine Car especially designed and built for the spectacular underwater sequences, the Lotus appears in the film for the lion’s share of the screen time beneath the surface.

Dubbed “Wet Nellie” on the set, the Lotus was used to incredible effect in the film. It was fitted with mechanically operated enclosures that reveal the missile launchers in the front, a smoke screen exhaust in the rear, and a mine hatch on the bottom. When Griffin voiced the need for rearward vision, a prismatic mirror was mounted on the roof, which was sourced from Army surplus and came off of a tank. The stream of air bubbles following the vehicle was actually generated by utilising a giant cache of Alka-Seltzer tablets!

The Spy Who Loved Me was the 10th film in the Bond franchise, and the third to star Roger Moore. At a pivotal moment in the celebrated progression of 007 films, Eon Productions needed a hit after the disappointing box office performance of The Man With The Golden Gun (1974). So, this time they pulled out all the stops by doubling the budget, bringing back Lewis Gilbert (You Only Live Twice) to direct, and giving Production Designer Ken (later Sir Ken) Adam appropriate latitude to create the phantasmagorical and futuristic sets for which he was famous. And then there was the Submarine Car, which was conceived by Adam, a Lotus owner and an admirer of the Esprit’s streamlined shape. So, the fuse was lit and the fires of 14-year-old imaginations around the world were re-ignited: the secret agent as super hero (with a little technological assistance)! As a result of this renewed commitment, The Spy Who Loved Me became the highest-grossing Bond film to date, firmly re-establishing the 007 character as a contemporary action hero.

Along with supervision on location by Meddings, underwater cameraman Lamar Boren, himself a veteran of the underwater crew from Thunderball and You Only Live Twice, was also re-enlisted for the filming of Wet Nellie in the Bahamas. So, yet again in a James Bond film, the car was the star, and moviegoers couldn’t stop talking about the Lotus.

In conjunction with the 1977 release of The Spy Who Loved Me, U.S. Lotus (Lotus East) executive distributor Fred Stevenson procured Wet Nellie for display at auto shows, according to correspondence between Stevenson and the location manager for Eon in the Bahamas. Stevenson remembers the Lotus was full of sand and seaweed upon delivery in New York and there was no time to clean it prior to its first public debut at the New York Auto Show! This was followed by appearances at shows in Cleveland, Chicago, Denver, and Los Angeles, by which time its custodianship was taken over by Lotus West. Stevenson relates having great fun with the Lotus, discussing its unique features with dignitaries and celebrities who enjoyed having their photographs taken with Wet Nellie.

Eventually, Wet Nellie was shipped to Long Island, New York, where it was kept in an unassuming storage unit in Holbrook, New York. The lease was reportedly for a 10-year rental, paid in advance. Fate later intervened when, in 1989, the rent delinquent unit was put up “blind” at public auction. A modest winning bid from an area couple brought surprise and wonder when the blankets were removed to reveal the iconic 007 Submarine Car. The roof had been damaged, but it was otherwise wholly intact. It’s new (and current) owners recount that, whilst towing it home, the CB radios of highway truckers were all abuzz about the sighting of the famed Lotus. After positive authentication, Wet Nellie was cosmetically restored and fitted to a custom-designed display trailer and exhibited occasionally, including a stint at the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles, but it was mostly kept closely under wraps…until now.

“Of all the Bonds I made”, remembers Roger Moore, “The Spy Who Loved Me is the one I like best. The locations were right; the costumes were right; everything on that movie went together”.

Sadly, Ian Fleming, the creator of the James Bond character and originator of the first 007 gadget car on paper, is no longer with us. However, Raymond Benson, author of seven “official” posthumous Bond books, had this to say: “I never used an underwater car in any of my Bond novels, but the Lotus in the film is one of my favourite vehicles in the 007 universe!”

Today, Wet Nellie is presented with its restored, museum display quality exterior, whilst inside, the full operational equipment appears to be complete and original. This first-time-ever public offering of the Lotus is accompanied by copies of numerous period photos, rare movie stills, correspondence between Lotus East and the film production team, auto show memorabilia, and authentication documents.

The 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car is one of the most inspired creations in the history of filmmaking. As such, we wouldn’t want it to fall into enemy hands, so we invite those who can enthusiastically appreciate its technology, ingenious deployment, and legendary screen appearance to attentively consider this once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to acquire Wet Nellie, one of the most fascinating and entertaining movie vehicles of all time.

It is believed that Lotus provided two production “road cars”, plus seven Esprit fibreglass body shells, to the filmmakers. One of those shells was reported to have been split in half to film Roger Moore and Barbara Bach in their separate seats. The remaining six body shells, delivered bare, were used to initiate and consummate filming the underwater scenes. Each of these shells was modified to perform specific functions in the movie. Here is the evolution of Wet Nellie on the screen:

1. Used for the tyre retraction sequence.
2. Used to portray the side fins protruding from the wheel arches whilst the periscope extends.
3. Featured in the below-surface-to-air missile sequence from the rear hatch.
4. Tethered to a powerful air cannon and jettisoned off the pier and into the water below.
5. The spare unit for the above.
6. The one and only fully enclosed shell used to film the functional Submarine Car.

Once filming was complete, the tyre shell (1) and the missile shell (3) were left behind in the Bahamas and given as souvenirs to Roberts Scrap Metal Company, who assisted with the heavy equipment for the shoot. The tyre shell exists today in poor condition in a Florida museum. The fin shell (2) has seemingly disappeared (with its whereabouts unknown), whilst the missile shell (3) is owned by the Ian Fleming Foundation and is proudly on display as part of the on-going 50th Anniversary of James Bond Exhibit at the Beaulieu National Motor Museum. The first of the pier shells (4) was damaged by the air cannon during filming in Sardinia, and it is presumed to have been discarded. The other pier shell (5) may have been unused or used more lightly; in any event, it was later unofficially retrofitted with mock up gadgets and sold in the late 1980s.

Which leaves the one and only functional Submarine Car (6), which is being offered to the public for the first time ever.

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Sources : 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Article | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 2 | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 3 | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 4 | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 5 | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 6 | 007 Lotus Esprit Submarine Car Photo 7
Forza Horizon 2 Official Trailer : Videos

Forza Horizon 2 Official Trailer : Videos

The official Forza Horizon 2 TV commercial brings the thrilling, massive wide-open world of Forza Horizon 2 to life by breaking free from the track and hitting the open road. Leave your limits while exploring beautiful and exotic locations in the ultimate celebration of speed, style, and action-packed driving with the official Forza Horizon 2 TV commercial. Directed by Adam Berg.

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Sources : Forza Horizon 2 Official Trailer Photo | Forza Horizon 2 Official Trailer Article
Meet Sparky, the El Camino Leaf : News
Meet Sparky, the El Camino Leaf : News

I’ll be honest: I have about as much interest in the Nissan Leaf as I do the plot twists of The Real Housewives of the Kardashian Dynasty. But this, friends. This is different. Roland Shellenberg and Arnold Moulinet at Nissan’s Technical Center in Arizona took one of the awkward little EVs, hacked the hatch off and threw on a pickup bed. The result is the first El Camino Leaf, affectionately named Sparky. Shut up and take my money, Nissan. Sparky spends its days plodding around the Tech Center, ferrying people and goods to and fro. It’s so perfect it hurts.

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Sources : Sparky Photo | Sparky Article
2015 Audi TTS : Current Models
2015 Audi TTS : Current Models

With a clean sheet redesign, Audi has reinvented their Terrific Teutonic roadster for 2016. Now riding on the versatile MQB platform, it shares its underpinnings with Audi’s A3 and Volkswagen’s Golf and Passat. Recently announced at the Geneva Motor Show, this third generation model is more refined and just as innovative as its predecessors.

Initially, we will be offered two flavors: TT and TTS. As you might have guessed, the TT is aimed at top-down cruising, while the TTS brings the legendary Quattro® All Wheel Drive and Audi Driving Dynamics system onboard for performance minded motorists.

Laser welding was introduced on the 1998 TT, and it allows the body and chassis to act as a single unit. The Audi Space Frame has been separated into thirds with the engine bay, passenger compartment and trunk acting as high strength steel safety cages. Overall, the TT is 21 mm shorter riding on a 37 mm longer wheelbase. Pulling the wheels to the corners and trimming the overhangs improves stability and predictability.

On the inside, TT has a wild Virtual Cockpit. All instrumentation and the MMI display have been combined into a 12.3” HD screen behind the wheel. Controlling the system is MMI Touch, a touchpad built into the top of the rotary dial. The fabric top and mechanism are all new and can open in 10 seconds at speeds up to 31 mph. A multi-layer construction provides acoustic insulation and a one-piece look that conceals the profile of the top bows.

Under the hood is the 2.0L TFSI turbo with either a six speed manual or dual clutch S Tronic. Power stays at 265 hp and torque is a healthy 258 lb-ft. Since the curb weight of the manual transmission TTS is around 2,900 lbs, the power is more than adequate for a thrilling experience. Pricing starts at $51,700 for the most advanced two-seater compact roadster on the market.

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Sources : 2015 Audi TTS Photo | 2015 Audi TTS Article
Gemballa Mirage GT Matt Edition : Photos
Gemballa Mirage GT Matt Edition : Photos

Sources : Gemballa Mirage GT Matt Edition Photo
The College Driver : Blogs
The College Driver : Blogs

The College Driver is an automotive resource site that provides News, Reviews, and Advice to automotive shoppers and enthusiasts from young minds. It is managed and operated by Zeid Nasser, an avid enthusiast of the automotive industry.

This site is for everyone. If you are an auto enthusiast, on a tight budget, or into the latest green technology you will enjoy reading and the latest news and reviews on theCD.

Car : Infiniti Emerg-e Concept
Author : Zeid Nasser

The Infiniti Emerg-e Concept, the latest embodiment of Infiniti Inspired Performance, makes its debut this weekend during festivities surrounding the 62nd annual Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance, one of the world's premier celebrations of the automobile. Infiniti will be showing a number of special vehicles in addition to the stunning Infiniti Emerg-e, including the Infiniti LE Concept luxury electric vehicle.

"It is always an honor to be included among the prestigious activities during the week of the Pebble Beach Concours and this year we're bringing our most advanced concept ever," said Infiniti Americas Vice President Ben Poore. "Named ‘Best in Show' at this year's Geneva Motor Show, Infiniti Emerg-e truly is one of the most technically interesting and artfully sculpted automobiles in the world today. It is a major achievement in both engineering and design."

As the first mid-ship sports car the marque has ever produced, Infiniti Emerg-e takes the Infiniti design vocabulary in a fresh, intriguing and convincing new direction. Infiniti Emerg-e also blends supercar performance with the ability to function as a true electric vehicle. The 402-horsepower mid-engined, twin electric motor-powered Infiniti Emerg-e is capable of accelerating from 0 - 60 miles per hour in just 4.0 seconds - and from zero to 130 miles per hour in a single, seamless 30-second burst. Yet it also operates as a zero-emission urban transport over a 30-mile range.

Infiniti Emerg-e stretches Infiniti's already accomplished expertise in the areas of electric vehicles and alternative propulsion systems. Along with its advanced Infiniti M Hybrid luxury sedan, Infiniti recently announced that a production luxury electric vehicle, based on the Infiniti LE Concept, will join the line in 2014. Infiniti LE Concept's compact EV platform maximizes interior space by placing the lithium-ion batteries under the passenger compartment floor, helping provide a low vehicle center of gravity for enhanced handling and maximizing trunk room without compromising front or rear seat passenger legroom or comfort.

Beyond its advanced packaging, the real beauty of the interior is its "smart hospitality" - combining a luxurious Infiniti environment with next-generation instrumentation, driver interface and connectivity. In keeping with the Infiniti challenger mentality, the LE Concept also includes a built-in wireless charging system, which is expected to be the first home-based wireless charging system if adapted for the production version.

Car : 2013 Nissan JUKE Midnight Edition
Author : Parker Zack

Nissan is giving the JUKE a slightly more stealthy appearance for 2013 with a new accessory grouping called the JUKE Midnight Edition.

It will be available as an accessory package on all 2013 JUKE S, SV and SL models, and features unique 17-inch Black Wheels, a Sapphire Black rear roof spoiler, and Sapphire Black mirror caps. Nissan priced it at $1,200 USD, a savings of $500 over the cost of items if purchased separately.
"The Midnight Edition JUKE stands out by its subtlety," said Al Castignetti, vice president and general manager, Nissan Division, Nissan North America, Inc.

Other enhancements to the 2013 JUKE include:
-The addition of a RearView Monitor to the Navigation Package on SV models
-A revised Rockford Fosgate ecoPUNCH audio system is added to the SV Navigation Package and is standard on SL models
-And three new colors, Atomic Gold, Brilliant Silver and Pearl White, join the JUKE color palette.
The 2013 Nissan JUKE with the Midnight Edition package will be available at Nissan dealers beginning next month. (Read More)

Car : Cadillac ATS and XTS
Author : Zeid Nasser

New York’s famed Brooklyn Bridge provided a key testing ground for Cadillac’s new Driver Awareness and Driver Assist active safety technologies that include maintaining a safe following distance to other vehicles even in stop-and-go traffic.

The Brooklyn Bridge’s intricate metal design and traffic volume allowed General Motors engineers to refine the radar sensors so they can tell the difference between stationary objects like guard rails and bridge structure from vehicle traffic.

Metal structures can “confuse” some types of radar into detecting a vehicle or obstacle is approaching, causing an unnecessary warning or action from the safety systems,” said Jim Nickolaou, lead engineer for Sensor Fusion.

Sensor Fusion is what engineers call the science of discerning the data collected from cameras and sensors in and around the car. It is part of Cadillac’s all-new 2013 XTS luxury sedan and ATS compact sport sedan.
“The camera, sensors and radar technology act as the ‘brain’ behind all the safety features, feeding data 25 times per second into the car’s computer network,” Nickolaou said. “We found that the best way to test the system’s accuracy was to gauge its performance in stressful driving conditions that could confuse it, like those conditions found on the Brooklyn Bridge.”

Overall, nearly 2,000 scenarios were identified to test the sensors and radars, including variables such as weather, traffic volume, lighting, and radar reflections, all of which can impact radar systems or other sensors in the car. Data was collected to anticipate a range of real-world conditions, and Sensor Fusion software development was tuned to prepare the production technology for such rigors. (Read More)

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Sources : The College Driver Photo | The College Driver About | Infiniti Emerg-e Concept Photo | Infiniti Emerg-e Concept Article | 2013 Nissan JUKE Midnight Edition Photo | 2013 Nissan JUKE Midnight Edition Article | Cadillac ATS and XTS Photo | Cadillac ATS and XTS Article
Ford's Innovative Prison-mobiles : News
Ford's Innovative Prison-mobiles : News

It’s not every day that a car company introduces a vehicle by touting how unhappy the occupants will be. Well, Ford’s press release for its new Transit Prisoner Transport Vehicle (Transit PTV) does just that, proclaiming: “[The] Only People Not Thrilled About Riding in All-New Ford Transit? Prisoners.” We have to imagine prisoners have a lot of other sources of dismay besides riding in a special Transit van, but points to Ford for its corrections officer–esque sense of whimsy.

As you’ve probably surmised, the Transit PTV essentially is a modern-day paddy wagon developed with input from Ford’s Police Advisory Board—a group of law-enforcement officials from across North America—and Havis Prisoner Transport Solutions. (Fun fact: Havis also provides less restrictive furniture and organizational solutions to businesses focused on the freer citizenry.) The PTV is based on a long-wheelbase, medium-roof version of the new Transit, and it can carry up to 12 prisoners in three separate compartments.

One photo shows bench seating for six in the rearmost compartment, complete with a wall-mounted strap for cuffed hooligans to grasp so they don’t fly around the back like salt in a shaker when crossing railroad tracks or trundling down pockmarked back alleys. It all looks appropriately uncomfortable, and the two ultratight side compartments accessible through the Transit’s sliding rear doors look fit for Hannibal Lecter (each cell can seat two, so give the ol’ people-eater’s invite a plus one). It doesn’t appear as though any human face muzzles or straitjackets are provided, but we’re sure police and corrections departments can source their own if need be.

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Sources : Ford's Innovative Prison-mobiles Photo | Ford's Innovative Prison-mobiles Article
Volkswagen Tristar : Concept Cars
Volkswagen Tristar : Concept Cars

Pickups may not be the first type of vehicle you associate with Volkswagen, but the German automaker does make a handful – even if they aren't available in the US. There's the Amarok we recently drove in the UK and the new Saveiro recently revealed in Brazil. And at the International Commercial Vehicle show in Hannover, Germany, VW is presenting the pickup concept you see here.

Based on its T-series vans, the Tristar concept is being shown on the 30th anniversary of the original Syncro – the most rough-and-tumble, jack-of-all-trades version of the T2 van. It bears what will likely be the design of its next-generation commercial vehicles, but with a short pickup bed behind its extended cab, all packed into a short wheelbase. That pickup bed, incidentally, is split into two parts, with a watertight compartment under the load floor.

Inside you'll find a 20-inch foldout tabletop tablet and even an onboard espresso machine packed into a clean, simple and flexible cabin space designed to suit professionals and surfers alike. It's all motivated by a 2.0-liter TDI inline four with 200 horsepower and 332 pound-feet of torque driven through a seven-speed dual-clutch gearbox to all four wheels. 0-62 is quoted at 10 seconds flat, with top speed pegged at 115 mph.

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Sources : Volkswagen Tristar Photo | Volkswagen Tristar Article
Flo Rida : Whistle : Music
"There's only one flo, and one rida."

Flo Rida : Whistle : Music

Birth name : Tramar Dillard
Born : December 16, 1979 (age 32)
Origin : Carol City, Florida, U.S.
Genres : Hip hop, dance-pop
Occupations : Rapper, songwriter, actor
Years active : 2006–present

Tramar Dillard (born December 16, 1979) better known by his stage name Flo Rida (pronounced  /floʊ ˈraɪdə/), is an American rapper and singer-songwriter. He released his debut album, Mail on Sunday, in March 2008. His debut single "Low", featuring T-Pain, was a No. 1 hit for ten weeks in United States in early 2008. Two other singles resulted from Mail on Sunday: "Elevator" and "In the Ayer". In 2009, his second album R.O.O.T.S. was released; its most successful single "Right Round" was at the top of the Hot 100 for six weeks. Since then, he has released his third studio album titled Only One Flo (Part 1), which will see a sequel titled Wild Ones. (Read More)

Car : Bugatti Veyron
Price :  $1.3 million

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Sources : Flo Rida Photo | Whistle Video | Flo Rida Article | Bugatti Veyron Photo
Jean-Pierre Ploue : Designers And Engineers
Jean-Pierre Ploue : Designers And Engineers

Jean-Pierre Ploué is a French car designer, born in 1962, known for bringing the Citroën marque back to strength and restoring its reputation for innovation and strong individualistic styling.

Ploué graduated from the École nationale supérieure des arts appliqués et des métiers d'art in 1985. He started his career at Renault from 1985–1995, where he designed the Laguna concept car, the Twingo, and worked on the design of the Renault Clio II and Megane I.

From 1995 to 1998 he worked at the Volkswagen Design Centre in Wolfsburg, Germany. From 1998 to 1999 Ploué was Head of Exterior Design at Ford in Cologne, Germany.

In 1999 Jean-Pierre Ploué replaced Arthur Blakeslee as Head of the Citroën Design Centre, responsible for rejuvenating the brand’s image. His arrival marked a new era for Citroën, resulting in the launch of successful and stylish new models such as the C4, the second generation C5, the C6, and the DS3, which played a strong role in the rebranding of the marque. Concept-cars C-Sport Lounge, C-Métisse, Citroën Metropolis and GT by Citroën designed by his team show their desire to resume their position as a leader in car design.

In 2009, he was promoted to Director of Design for the PSA group, in charge of designers Gilles Vidal from Peugeot and Thierry Métroz from Citroën since early 2010.

Jean Pierre Ploué was named Homme de l'Année 2007 (Man of the Year 2007) by Journal de l’Automobile.

Car : GT by Citroën

Citroën has confirmed plans to build the Citroën GT, a two-seat sports car originally created for the virtual world of the Gran Turismo 5 racing simulator for the PlayStation 3. The car will be available worldwide, said Anouk van Vliet, a Citroën spokeswoman.

Despite being a volume car company – PSA Peugeot Citroën sold 3.26 million vehicles in 2008 – only six examples of the GT are going to be built, with each mid-engine two-seater costing $2.1 million. For that price, you could opt for one Citroën GT or 35 C6 luxury sedans.

The carbon-fiber bodied GT was revealed last year during the Paris auto show. Its aggressive exterior – complete with gull-wing doors, gaping air intakes and large rear diffuser – was a joint effort between Citroën and designers at Polyphony Digital, creators of the Gran Turismo racing game series.

Citroën has since been busy hustling the GT around Europe to prestigious racing venues like the 24 Hours of Le Mans in France and the Goodwood Festival of Speed in the Britain.

While it has a long history of building technically innovative cars, the GT represents Citroën’s first leap into a market normally reserved for the likes of Bugatti, Ferrari and other boutique automakers. (Read More)

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Sources : Jean-Pierre Ploue Photo | Jean-Pierre Ploue Bio | GT by Citroën Photo | GT by Citroën Article
Chevrolet Camaro SS Widebody : Photos
Chevrolet Camaro SS Widebody : Photos

Sources : Chevrolet Camaro SS Widebody : Photos Photo
Mazda 6 Shinari : Concept Cars
Mazda 6 Shinari : Concept Cars

Model “Shinar” Mazda is a further evolution of modern design aspirations named “kodo”, which translated from Japanese means “soul of motion.” This does not apply to the movement of the car, as well as basic inspiration served nature and wildlife. According to the representatives of Mazda’s design centers, the concept of movement was one of the leading ideas in designing cars, since the first “Mazda” models “R360 Coupe”, which was launched exactly 50 years ago. The first outlines of “kodo” direction can be seen in more and not so long ago presented MPV model “Mazda 5″, which inspired the hip muscles tense. Thanks to such design solutions, even MPV has a dynamic form, and what effect has this concept when applied to a sports-oriented body, it becomes clear through the “Shinar”. It’s four-door sedan with seating for four, in the form of a sports coupe. The meaning of the word “Shinar” is associated with the power and flexibility of, the Japanese experts vividly described as tense bent steel or bamboo. This means curves, but in which the hidden potential and power, and parallels can be transmitted and the animal world. The body of the “Shinar” is associated with the body of a cat ready to jump, curved spine and tense muscles.

The front of the car, although completely innovative, in some designer has way connection with the current Mazda vehicles. The grille has a new multangular form and light clusters are completely opposite trends in serial production car, very small in size, suggesting that in them lies advanced LED technology. Pronounced front fenders dimensions conceal large wheels, and a further evolution of wings first seen at the model “RX8″. Among the group of light through the grille, aluminum trim extends, which according to Mazda’s designers associated with speed. The sides are very dynamic, and there is no back door, the silhouette could easily be attributed to a sports coupe. Fluidity line is further emphasized by miniature folding handles and the front and rear doors, and the dynamics and aerodynamics emphasize minimalist styled exterior mirrors. The material delivered to the media about anything not reported, but it appears that the small exterior mirror housings placed cameras that image projected on a monitor in the cab, because the mirror so small probably would not be of excessive use. The rear of the car is no less dynamic than rest of the body, and also it is at first sight it is clear that it’s made of a very spacious trunk.

The interior of the Mazda innovations designed to accommodate four passengers, but the manufacturer promises that the rear seat has enough room for two people. The cockpit is stylized to be subservient to the driver commands. Highly elevated central ridge creating a feeling tucked in and protected, and the commands are kept to a minimum. Despite the cockpit in the “Enterprise”-style instrument panel was designed by “worldly” standards, and consists of three circular instruments with a combination of analog and circular pointer. Although the cockpit is organized to maximize the driver has a perfect working environment, the central ridge between the seats is organized so that the multi-function rotary switch on the hand and front passenger, which is a great solution, especially for the longer run. The front and rear are in the form of race-tub, but with clear comfort, and white colors of their skins gives a sense of space, combined with richly glazed roof, even in the rear. Recent Mazda’s concept is purely a design character, so it was not much attention paid to the technical details, and there are no data on the possible aggregates. Because of Hiroshima will say that a number of solutions and visual cues investment quickly be used at a future Mazda production car.

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Sources : Mazda 6 Shinari Photo | Mazda 6 Shinari Article
2015 Buick Enclave : Current Models
2015 Buick Enclave : Current Models

The 2015 Buick Enclave looks nothing like a minivan, but it fills some of the same family functions as the old and seemingly outmoded box on wheels. The Enclave, though, offers the same flexibility as a minivan--and the practicality of a wagon, too--wrapped in a tall but surprisingly stylish crossover utility body that's reset a lot of buyers' stereotypes over its eight years. And it's still selling well after all that time.

There was never any question that the Enclave was a handsome design. Of the three large GM crossovers, it's by far the most appealing to us, from its chrome waterfall grille to the slight Coke-bottle shoulder line in the side panels over the rear wheels. By comparison, its siblings the Chevrolet Traverse and GMC Acadia are more slab-sided and blockier.

The Buick Enclave is little changed for 2015. The only changes are the addition of a heated steering wheel in certain of the top trim levels, and a handful of new colors inside and out. And nothing's changed under the sheetmetal either.

The big Buick crossover is still powered by the same 288-horsepower 3.6-liter V-6, delivering power to the front wheels or all four corners through a six-speed automatic. That transmission lost some of its indecisiveness last year--there's less hunting through the upper gears--and the powertrain never really struggles to tap cruising speed despite the Enclave's hefty curb weight. Gas mileage of 24 mpg highway max is on par with other big crossovers.

With retuned shocks and new dampers fitted last year, the Enclave rides better than ever. It's smooth and reasonably responsive for a vehicle so long and tall. It's still a crossover that "drives big," but it's never been one that's felt anything but predictable.

The Enclave's crossover credentials make it a player, too. It seats up to eight passengers and lots of standard features to go with its acceptable gas mileage and predictable handling. The seating configuration and flexibility inside the Enclave remains the same, and that's just fine. It's a strength of this big minivan replacement. The front seats add ventilation as an option, and with seating up to eight, the Enclave's an excellent family wagon, though the third-row seat isn't a place we'd choose to sit for hours on end. There's over 23 cubic feet of space behind the third row, and if you fold the second and third rows there's over 115 cubic feet of cargo space. It all folds down neatly and flat and is just begging for outings to big-box stores.

There's also a safety industry-first in the Enclave. Recently, it added a new front-center airbag, which helps protect front occupants in a side impact. Blind-spot monitors and a rear cross traffic alert system are available, as are lane-departure and forward-collision warning systems.

As for features, IntelliLink is the big news for some shoppers, as it brings the Enclave's interior up to the leading edge in connectivity, with a relatively easy interface, well-integrated Bluetooth hands-free calling and audio streaming functionality, and apps for Pandora and Stitcher audio. A rearview camera system, a USB port, HD Radio, satellite radio, and voice recognition are also part of the standard equipment this year, while navigation is optional, as is a ten-speaker Bose sound upgrade.

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Sources : 2015 Buick Enclave Photo | 2015 Buick Enclave Article
Valley Receiver Hitch : Accessories

Valley Receiver Hitch : Accessories

When it's time to haul some gear, you need a strong, reliable connection every time. You can always count on Valley Trailer Hitches, whether you're taking a couple bikes to the trail or hauling your horses to the big show. They're built to handle up to 12,000 pound loads, giving you all the towing power you need for every trip.

Valley custom builds your Trailer Hitch to your specific vehicle for easy installation and a perfect fit without bending or headaches. Say goodbye to rust, oxidation, and corrosion - your Valley Hitch is finished with a durable polyester powder-coat paint that stands up to the elements for years of reliable towing.

Bolt on a Valley Trailer Hitch and haul any load for any trip! Valley Hitches are backed with a limited Lifetime Warranty. Depending on your vehicle, some drilling may be required for installation.

Few things stay the same over time. Empires crumble, technology evolves, and fashion trends change with the weather. It seems that everything spoils eventually. However, Valley Industries is an exception to the rule. This California-based company has been providing the best Trailer Hitches and Ball Mounts on the market for over 60 years. Founded in 1947, Valley Industries first started making hitches for California farmers so they could easily and safely transport their crops to market. Since then, Valley has expanded their operations across 48 states and opened a satellite in Madison Heights, Michigan to better serve the needs of their customers.

Valley's consistency of quality doesn't make their products any less innovative. Valley has remained ahead of the curve in terms of fashion, efficiency and safety for years, and these innovations aren't just limited to Hitches either. Over the years Valley has added just about every towing and hitch accessory under the sun to their catalog. Among the many components made by Valley some highlights include trailer balls, adjustable ball mounts, tow hooks, wiring harnesses, and variety of brake controllers.

Every Valley product is built on over six decades of engineering experience. The company's savvy design team is keenly aware of the needs of their customers. That's why every single one of their hitches, towing systems, and hitch accessories is tested to withstand daily wear and meet the high quality standards of towing enthusiasts.

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Sources : Valley Receiver Hitch Photo | Valley Receiver Hitch Article | About Valley
1935 Voisin C25 Aérodyne : Classic Cars
1935 Voisin C25 Aérodyne : Classic Cars

The height of Gabrielle Voisin's vision was reached with the Aérodyne, a four-seat fastback that exemplified France's love for aviation. But unlike anything else from the period, Voisin was able to utilize modernist lines where the other design houses couldn't escape French Curves.

The Aérodyne's story began in summer of 1934 when Voisin created a prototype to be later displayed that fall at the Paris Motor show. With it, he was trying to draw attention to his innovations such as a sliding sunroof, radial engine and new style that was different from the previous Noël-Noël Telmont lines.

Lightweight expression is one main theme of the Aérodyne. Examples of this can be seen in the slender fenders which required support struts, an open cockpit and small headlight surrounds.

Another focus of the car is the retractable roof which shapes the entire fastback roofline and closes directly onto the top of the windshield. The unit is pneumatic and relies on a twin-cylinder suction engine that is mounted in the trunk. Operation of top is slow, but nearly silent. Several windows were put into the sunroof to provide rearward vision at various positions.

Aimed at the top of the market, the Aérodyne was fully equipped with features such as Dufaux-Repusseau dampers which could be adjusted from the dashboard. A full bevy of Jaeger gauges also complemented the dashboard and Lalique ashtrays were included in the doors.

Chassis details of the C25 were not far off the C24 with an altered rear box section. The sleeve-valve inline-6 remained largely untouched except the front radiator fan was driven by a belt instead of gears.1 The unit was attached to a two speed gearbox with electromechanical overdrive.

The sleeve valve engine replaced the standard poppet valves with moving sleeves that surrounded the piston to uncover intake and exhaust ports. This complex system worked without return springs, and enabled very high engine speeds with less stress than a conventional pushrod design. The resulting quieter ride offset the slight haze left by the exhaust as oil slipped between the sleeves.

While the intention was to make two dozen Aerodynes, only a few examples were really completed, including our feature car which won Best of Show at the 2011 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance. The small production numbers were a direct result of the poor economy at the time coupled with a high price tag.

Several sources have listed that seven Aérodynes were produced and that four cars survive. We can only definately say that we've photographed three separate examples.

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Sources : 1935 Voisin C25 Aérodyne Photo | 1935 Voisin C25 Aérodyne Article
EcoBoost Mustang Fakes Sounds : News
EcoBoost Mustang Fakes Sounds : News

Ford has quietly implemented fake engine noise to enhance the acoustic appeal of its new EcoBoost-powered Mustang.

Omitted from initial announcements, the controversial 'feature' was first discovered by a Road & Track editor Jason Cammisa after removing a fuse for the stereo system. After the circuit was broken, both the radio and the synthetic engine noise went quiet.

The artificial engine noise, known as Active Noise Control, was later confirmed by a Ford engineer in a statement to Autoblog. The company claims to have worked with customer panels to choose the best sound 'concept.'

The noise is based on torque output from the engine, layering in additional sound characteristics.

Ford is not the first company to use the stereo system to enhance the sound of the engine. BMW faced strong criticism when it embraced the strategy for the M5 when the model transitioned from V10 to V8 power, and the new M3 and M4 both pipe a bit of amplified engine noise through the speakers.

Mustang purists may be disappointed to find that Active Noise Control cannot be killed without removing the fuse and consequently disabling the entire audio system.

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Sources : EcoBoost Mustang Photo | EcoBoost Mustang Article
2017 Nissan Z35 : Concept Cars
2017 Nissan Z35 : Concept Cars

One of Japan's most iconic cars is making a comeback. A descendant of the game-changing 240Z that debuted in 1969, an all-new Z car (code-named Z35) will honor the legendary Datsun with a stylized 21st-century interpretation of the original's long nose, short deck, and perfect proportions.

That first Z was designed to appeal to buyers in its main market of the United States, and the new model will be no different. Just get a load of one artist's vision of the dynamic silhouette.

While the car will feature a low-slung, swooping body, it will be downsized from the current 370Z to dimensions that resemble the original's. That means the car will lose around 2 inches in width from the current 72.6 inches. Our insider mentions that lightweight high-tensile steel will be used to further reduce the car's curb weight by up to 420 pounds to a class-leading 2866 pounds.

According to a source close to Nissan, the Z35 will be powered by a choice of V-6 and four-cylinder engines at first. Company bosses want to phase out the V-6, though a small but strong fan base might lead engineers to retain it. Nissan feels that it has to "wean" the motoring public off the six cylinder, which has been its mainstay powerplant since the very beginning, and switch to a more fuel-efficient four. We are told that the new four-cylinder will be a 2.5-liter turbo unit and incorporate direct injection to make at least 330 hp. But our insider explains that Nissan bosses are concerned about fuel economy and CO2 emissions, a fact that will almost certainly force them to reduce power to around 280 hp. For a gutsier Z, we can look to the company's in-house tuning arm Nismo, which is rumored to be working on a 330-plus-hp model.

The Z33 of 2002 was a big hit and its low-$30,000s price tag helped it drive out showroom doors. With the Z34, Nissan created a good-looking, sharp-handling coupe, but by Nissan targeting rivals in the BMW Z4, Porsche Cayman, and Audi TT, the price went into the low $40,000s and hurt sales. The new Z35 must pick up where the Z33 left off and reinvent the Z car all over again. That means downsizing while creating a compelling design and minimizing its sticker price. And employing four-cylinder turbos will do the brand no harm in lowering prices, CO2, and fuel consumption. We can expect to see the Z concept unveiled at the Detroit auto show in January. The final production version should debut one year later at the same show with a price tag starting under $30,000.

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Sources : 2017 Nissan Z35 Photo | 2017 Nissan Z35 Article
2015 Volkswagen Golf Alltrack : Current Models
2015 Volkswagen Golf Alltrack : Current Models

It's a Volkswagen Golf wagon with permanent all-wheel drive, higher ground clearance and underside protection, hill descent assist and a choice of gas or diesel engines. In other words, pretty much all you need in a family car.

After the Audi A4 and A6 Allroad, VW continued with the Passat Alltrack and the Skoda Octavia Combi Scout. The new Golf Alltrack is basically the latter car, but that's a good thing since there's nothing wrong with a 4x4 Octavia sporting the new Golf's interior.

Unlike America's Golf Sportwagen, this crossover will only be available with a six-speed DSG. It also comes with 4MOTION all-wheel drive, which decouples the rear axle in order to save fuel until the point when you need extra traction, in which case it can send nearly 100% of the torque to the rear. The car's EDS system operates as an electronic differential lock integrated in the ESC while the XDS translates to individual wheel braking in the corners.

The Alltrack sits 0.78 inches (20mm) higher than the regular Golf Wagon with electronic nannies such as hill descent automatically braking, modified gas pedal characteristic and ABS settings improving your off-roading experience. As a tow vehicle, it can deal with up to 4,409 pounds (2000 kg) braked on 12% incline.

As far as engine choices go, there's one TSI and three TDIs in Europe. The gas turbo is a 1.8 producing 180 horsepower and 206 foot pounds available from as low as 1,350rpm. It reaches 62 mph in 7.8 seconds and keeps going until 135 mph.

The three TDIs are all based on the EA288 series. The base is a 1.6 with 110 hp and 184 ft-lb.

The 2.0 can be tuned to either 150 hp/250 ft-lb, or 184 hp and 280 ft-lb in case you want to get the most powerful Golf Wagon to date.

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Sources : 2015 Volkswagen Gold Alltracker Photo | 2015 Volkswagen Gold Alltracker Article
Motoring File : Blogs
Motoring File : Blogs

MotoringFile is a MINI weblog dedicated to bringing you news, views, and every other little bit of interesting information from the new MINI world. In short, this is a site that aggregates the best news of the day and commentary for anyone to comment on.

Car : MINI
Author : Gae Bridger 

This isn’t the first time MINI has worked together with German brand Puma. Closer to the original launch of the new MINI in 2001/2002 Puma partnered with the brand to create one-off cars (see above) and accessories. As some may remember, Puma even produced a few pieces for MINI’s fashion line MINI_Motion.

This new line will be a bit more accessories and will be available in MINI dealers worldwide as well as Puma store.

Official Release: Automotive manufacturer MINI and sports lifestyle brand PUMA have signed a worldwide license agreement sealing their partnership over a period of several years. The collaboration brings together two innovative and iconic brands with a long-standing passion for functionality, performance and design, and centres on a joint collection of clothing, shoes and accessories. The lifestyle product lines will be available from September 2012 under the label MINI by PUMA. Selected MINI dealerships will be selling a range of items, while PUMA stores and PUMA retail partners will carry the entire collection. (Read More)

Author : Gae Bridger 

Over the past two weeks the same prototype JCW GP that was used to debut the concept at MINI United has been on display and driving across country on MINI Takes the States. And while we still don’t know much about the car (final output, price etc) we do know one thing; it’s low. So low that it may just be the lowest (new) MINI ever produced by the factory.
MINI JCW Coupe (Read More

Car : MINI JCW Coupe
Author : Gae Bridger 

Sometimes journalists are wrong. As I sit here at an outdoor table, at a cafe in a particularly stylish spot in Chicago, I’m watching people do double takes as they walk by our black JCW Coupe and its red top. I’m on my second iced coffee and every reaction I’ve seen has been positive. I’ve seen stylish women pointing and little boys taking pictures.

In a neighborhood thick with Ferraris, Porsches and the like, this little car is clearly the most interesting thing on the streets. It’s moments like this that make me realize that jaded journalists should be the last people anointed as the automotive taste-makers. Could the R58 MINI Coupe be on a slow burn like the original BMW Z3 M Coupe? After spending a week with the car, I’m beginning to think so. In fact, I think the car’s production life-cycle will come and go before the grassroots ground swell of positive reaction hits its stride. This is a car that will get popular with time, and by the time this little black and red JCW finds its way into the hands of its second or third owner, the R58 will likely be spoken of in reverential terms. (Read More

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Silvermine 11SR Revealed From Dutch : News
Silvermine 11SR Revealed From Dutch : News

The Netherlands may not be known for its potent sports cars but the Silvermine 11SR could be about to change that. Created by engineer and designer Frank van Rouendal, the Silvermine 11SR incorporates a retro-inspired body for modern mechanical components.

Beneath the skin is a 325 hp 2.0-litre boxer-six engine from Subaru. This powertrain is mated to a six-speed sequential transmission and also comes complete with a limited slip differential. On a suspension front there are fully adjustable shocks with track-tuned brakes also coming standard.

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Sources : Silvermine 11SR Photo | Silvermine 11SR Article
2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid : Current Models
2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid : Current Models

The 2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid starts at $24,995, including an $825 destination charge, reflecting no price increase over the 2014 model, according to

The top-of-the-line 2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid SEL starts at $27,995, including shipping.

The 2015 Ford C-Max Energi starts at $32,460, including an $825 destination charge, reflecting no price increase over the previous model.

The C-Max Hybrid and C-Max Energi are on sale now at Ford dealerships.

Ford's C-Max Hybrid and C-Max Energi plug-in hybrid line competes with the Chevrolet Volt, Honda Civic Hybrid and Toyota Prius V.

The C-Max and C-Max Energi are carryover vehicles with minimal changes. Two new colors are offered: Magnetic and Tectonic.

The C-Max line features seven standard airbags and Curve Control, a driver-assist technology that is designed to slow the vehicle when it's cornering too fast.

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Sources : 2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid Photo | 2015 Ford C-Max Hybrid Article
Renault EOLAB Concept : Videos

Renault EOLAB Concept : Videos

Renault is out to prove that not only the Volkswagen Group can build a car that’s capable of consuming just 1 liter of fuel per 100 kilometers of travel, equivalent to 235 mpg. The French automaker has just revealed the EOLAB concept car, which is said to be as efficient as VW’s XL1 but targeted at budget buyers.

Of course, the EOLAB is only a concept and the XL1, despite a six-figure price tag, is already in customer hands. However, Renault says technology featured on the EOLAB will feature on its cars before 2020.

So how does the EOLAB go about achieving its 235 mpg economy. To achieve such low figures, the designers focused their efforts on three main areas: minimizing weight, refining the aerodynamics and installing a hybrid powertrain.

In the area of minimizing weight, engineers managed to shed 400 kilograms (881 pounds) compared to a conventional subcompact hatchback. Specific measures include using lightweight materials, stripping the cabin of everything but the bare essentials and replacing items such as the center console and side mirrors with electronic units.

For the aerodynamics, the engineers managed to come up with a shape that has a drag coefficient of just 0.235, some 30 percent less than Renault’s current subcompact, the Clio. This was achieved with active elements around the body such as the spoilers and flaps which adjust depending on speed. Even the wheels adjust depending on brake temperature.

Finally, there’s the hybrid powertrain, which is a plug-in hybrid setup. It combines a 1.0-liter three-cylinder gasoline engine with an electric motor integrated with the transmission, in this case a special three-speed clutchless design that sends drive to the front wheels only. As Green Car Reports points out, the engine and electric motor have almost the same output (75 and 67 horsepower, respectively), which shows the growing importance of electrification. A 6.7 kWh lithium-ion battery can be charged at home and allows an electric-only driving range of approximately 41 miles. The top speed in electric mode is limited to 75 mph.

The key to the system’s efficiency is that when the electric motor is in use, i.e. during electric-only or hybrid modes, it uses only the first two gears of the transmission. This means that the gas engine is only used for the third and final gear, i.e. when the car is already at speed.

As mentioned, the EOLAB is only a concept but it does preview technology that is destined to be introduced on production Renaults from now until 2020. Renault says it is also a preview of “a realistic and affordable” subcompact that will appear within 10 years. The EOLAB makes its world debut at the 2014 Paris Auto Show on October 2.

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Sources : Renault EOLAB Photo | Renault EOLAB Article
Jaguar CX75 Concept : Photos
Jaguar CX75 Concept : Photos

Source : Jaguar CX75 Concept Photo
Citroen Reveals Unusual Concept : News
Citroen Reveals Unusual Concept : News

Following up on the original soft-sided C4 Cactus production crossover it presented in Geneva earlier this year, Citroen has created a new C4 Cactus Airflow 2L Concept for Paris that combines unique aerodynamic tweaks, significant weight reduction and a bespoke version of PSA's Hybrid Air Technology to achieve a claimed 117.6 U.S. mpg. That's equivalent of 2.0 liters of gasoline per 100 kilometers - a 30 percent improvement over its already rather frugal volume-build C4 sibling.

The Airflow 2L Concept's achieves this efficiency through its unique Hybrid Air powertrain. First revealed by Citroen in 2013, it matches an 82-horsepower specially modified, low-friction PSA 1.2-liter/3-cylinder PureTech engine with a twin-tank compressed air storage unit and a hydraulic pump/motor that effectively replace the battery pack found in a traditional gas/electric hybrid. Instead of using an electric motor, it relies on compressed air to pump the pistons, which in turn drives the front wheels through a conventional automatic transmission. As a result, this compact crossover can run in three modes: on its engine, compressed air alone or a combination of the two. Super-sleek and ultra-light

As its name implies, the Cactus Airflow 2L Concept boasts a host of wind-cheating changes. Sleeker basic body bits bring Air Curtain wheel-arch treatments, an extended rear spoiler, new rear extractor, a streamlined full underbody fairing and small cameras that replace the conventional side-view mirrors. These are complemented by several "variable geometry" components. Air inlets in the front bumper continuously adjust to optimize flow while the custom Michelin 19-inch ultra-low rolling resistance tires are wrapped around alloy wheels that feature active shutters and a movable deflector at the C-pillar further tidies the air going around the car. Citroen estimates these modifications cut drag by 20 percent relative to the baseline C4 Cactus.

A second key to the Airflow 2L Concept's efficiency is a 220-pound reduction in curb weight. At 1,907 pounds, it tips the scales 11 percent below the standard-issue Cactus. As expected, the savings come from leightweight materials. The core structure mixes high-strength steel, aluminum and various composites which are complemented by carbon-composite components in most of its body panels as well as in things like the Airflow 2L's springs, rear seat and signature door-ding-protecting "side bumps". More weight savings result from the use of a polycarbonate panoramic roof panel.

Citroen says the C4 Cactus Airflow 2L Concept illustrates "the ambition and ability of the brand to develop innovative responses to the automotive challenges of the present and the future." Key among those tasks will be to accommodate the French government's request of the industry to create production cars that can meet the 2.0-liter/100 kilometer efficiency benchmark by 2020.

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Sources : Citroen Reveals Unusual Concept Photo | Citroen Reveals Unusual Concept Article